Christian Education

Since his arrival, Last fought without rest beside Mangada and then in Madrid. Dutch readers already know their letters in Spain, written from the front. Clariana already made reference to his famous letters which were translated into numerous languages, including esperanto, paradoxically are still unpublished in Spanish. Josephus Carel Franciscus (Jef) Last was born in the Hague on May 2 of 1898y died on February 15, 1972 in Laren. He was expelled from the Christian high school in Amsterdam, by his rebelliousness. He worked in many different trades.

Since very young he wrote articles in magazines and newspapers. He spent almost a year in United States. In 1923 married Ida who had three daughters, in 1938 they divorced and in 1946 became married. In 1931 he traveled to the Soviet Union, after this trip Last that had previously fought in Dutch Socialist parties joined the Communist Party of the Netherlands. He returned to the Soviet Union in 1936 with his friend Andre Gide. In Spain, Last joined the battalion Sergeant Vazquez and fought during the autumn of 1936, in different places on the Madrid front, Navalperal pine and Getafe and, subsequently, in Las Rozas, until the summer of 1937 that was destined for Albacete as instructor of the international brigades. His critical stance toward the Communist Party caused his departure from Spain in September 1937. He participated in the II Congress of writers, convened by the International Alliance of antifascist intellectuals, which met in Valencia, in July 1937, Jose Bergamin, Corpus Barga, Antonio Machado, Pablo Neruda, Fernando de los Rios, Ramon J.

Sender, Vicente Huidobro, Carlos Pellicer, Octavio Paz, Elena Garro, Nicolas Guillen, Ilia Ehrenburg, Bertolt Brecht, Anna Seghers, Heinrich Mann, Andre Malraux, Louis AragonAlejo Carpentier, Cesar Vallejo, Rafael Dieste, Rafael Alberti, two John Passos, Julien Benda, Stephen Spender, Tristan Tzara, Emilio Prados, Maria Teresa Leon, Arturo Serrano Plaja, Juan Gil-Albert, Herrera Petere, Lorenzo Varela, Miguel Hernandez, Ramon Gaya, Pascual Pla and Beltran, Juan Marinello, Ludwig Reen, Andre Chamson, Malcolm Cowley, Feedor Kelyin, etc. He was the author of three broad leaflets with letters from Spain to his wife, who were very successful in the Netherlands, where in a month came out ten editions, with a total of thirty thousand copies. Putting these letters, later published a book of Spaanje tragedie (the Spanish tragedy) (1938), which was also published, that same year, in France under the title Lettres d Espagne. He studied Sinology at Leiden and at Hamburg, graduating in 1957. He traveled to Indonesia and several Asian countries which did not stop writing. Last is regarded as one of the best Dutch writers of his generation, and no doubt the best essayist. Besides the above-mentioned works, we need to remember among his numerous books: port light (1926), (1933) rebels to flee, a flirtation with the Devil (1936), children of the Sun of midnight (1940), the fingers of the left (1947), in seventh heaven (1949), Bali to invest (1956), waves of the River yellow (1962), the children of Judas (1962), China, the land of eternal revolution (1965), the second dawn of Japan (1966), my friend Andre Gide (1966) and Fireworks behind the great wall of china (1970). And as said this enormous intellectual, great friend of Spain: the truth is that the people Spanish, and over all of Madrid, has become accustomed to living in heroism, like there are other people who increasingly become accustomed to live in the ignominy. Francisco Arias Solis do not have the freedom that have not their thirst.