Procedural Information

Subject-procedural information – is a deeply materialist at its core, which coincides essentially with the origins of medicine and psychology, the desire to link one or another manifestation of the mental with the existing knowledge of the structure of the central nervous system. However, because throughout the history of science, such knowledge was extremely limited, the reduction is due primarily object and method studies often reveal the actual difference between all the variety of information about the human psyche, a pre-scientific experience in psychology, and relatively meager data obtained as a result of this information. Nevertheless, the development of this approach, related to the change of concepts about the relationship between brain and mental, directly coincides with the entire forward movement of psychology as a science. In historical terms, subject-procedural information is basically the same with the development of the localization problem. For a long time the localization of mental functions was to anatomical and physiological fantasy. True, Alcmaeon (VI cent. BC. Oe.) Parmenides (540 BC.

Oe.), Hippocrates (460 – 377 BC. Oe.) Erazist-rat (310-250 BC. Oe.) and Gerofil (335-280 BC. Oe.) saw body mind brain. Galen (138-201 BC) ascribed a special role in the cerebral ventricles. This idea continued Nemesio, considered the "front ventricle" of the brain the seat of perception or imagination (cellula phantastica), average" – a receptacle myshleiya (cellula logistica), and "back" – a repository of memory (cellula memoralis); of the same opinion, and Albert the Great (1192-1280) and Even Leonardo da Vinci, the person who committed this naive with the modern point of view of representation handwritten pattern. And finally, as we know, Descartes, all localized brain activity in the pineal gland. Now all These views may be of interest only to historians of science.

Top of really scientific study of the localization is marked by a long and still not ended the struggle of so-called "localization tsionistov" (Gal, Brock, Wernicke, Kleist, and others) and "anti-lokalizatsionistov" (Flourens, Kussmaul, Goltz, Lesch-Do, etc.). Particularly acute controversy proceeded representatives of this trend on the issue of aphasia. Opening Brock "motor speech center" (1861) and Wernicke – "Sensory" speech center "(1874) would seem to mean a victory in terms of lokalizatsionistov. But within the theory of aphasia, as a reaction to the narrow localizationism quickly emerged antilokalizatsionnye trends, and the fight continued with undiminished intensity. Over the past decade have been made many remarkable discoveries that put the problem in an entirely different plane. G. Moruzzi and H. Megun showed that electrical reticular formation or setevidnoi – complicated in structure clusters of nerve cells in the brain stem – is the activation of the cortex, immediately recorded on the EEG. This discovery formed the basis of completely new ideas about the nature of links between the receptors and the cerebral cortex, namely, the belief that activation of the cortex is mainly in two ways: by a specific stimulus for a given path through the system, containing special kernel and pathways, and through non-specific reticular system. Consequently, we can consider, say, perception as a process that includes preliminary "setting on this irritation, "the very act of preparing the perception that, as is known, coincides with the results of psychological research.